A huge percentage of diabetic people suffer from type 2 diabetes, and this is a condition that results when the pancreas does not produce adequate amounts of insulin. This is also likely to happen when the insulin produced is not used properly. The medical problem is mostly associated with people above 40 years of age, but the number of children and teenagers suffering from the same is now on the increase. After the age of 40, you should do regular type 2 diabetes test so that you can detect the problem early. Here are some information regarding type 2 diabetes that can help you to deal with it.
Causes of type 2 diabetes
The insulin produced by the pancreas plays a vital role in converting glucose in consumed foods into energy that is used to support cellular activities. If the insulin produced is not used properly, the pancreas is forced to work overtime to make up for the difference. However, the pancreas cannot keep up with the extra work, and this causes a decrease of insulin available in the body.
There are people who are usually at higher risks of type II diabetes including:
- Those with a family history of diabetes
- Native Americans, Asian Americans, African Americans and Latinos
- Women suffering from Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Persons with overweight problems
Signs and symptoms
Inadequate insulin in the body results to increased levels of glucose in the blood stream and the body cells are unable to access sufficient energy to fully support their activities. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include feeling thirsty, need to urinate frequently especially at night, feeling tired and less energetic, blurred vision, weight loss, frequent infections and sores that heal slowly, increased hunger, and dark patches on the skin.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you are experiencing some of the mentioned symptoms, you should seek urgent medical help since the situation can worsen with time. There are various tests that can be carried out during diagnosis including glycated hemoglobin test, fasting blood sugar test, random blood sugar test and oral glucose tolerance test. The doctor will then use the results to prescribe the right medication.
There are people who can manage their diabetic conditions by eating healthy foods, exercising regularly and monitoring their blood sugar levels. These are simple steps that will help to maintain blood sugar close to the desired levels. However, there are cases where the doctor may prescribe treatments like metformin, DPP-4 inhibitors, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, meglitinides and insulin therapy.
People with type 2 diabetes are at higher risks of suffering from diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), kidney failure and skin infections or disorders. The condition has also been linked to eye complications such as cataracts, glaucoma and even loss of vision. You can avoid most of these conditions by adopting proper treatment and making the necessary lifestyle changes.
There are preventive measures that you can adopt to prevent type 2 diabetes including eating healthy, quitting smoking or drinking alcohol, exercising regularly and losing weight. You can visit a health practitioner to come up with an effective dietary and workout plan.